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China's military uniform development

by:XinXing     2020-08-31
In 1927, a gunshot of the Nanchang Uprising declared to the world that the Chinese people's own army was born. The uprising troops at the time were dressed in the costumes of the National Revolutionary Army and red scarves to show the distinction. In September of the same year, the autumn harvest uprising troops led by Mao Zedong and Zhu De did not have uniform clothing and were only marked by wearing red cloth armbands. During this period, the Red Army’s clothing was mainly resolved by fighting local tyrants and being captured on the battlefield. There were various types of clothing and no unified system was formed. In May 1928, the Red Army established its first quilt factory with extremely simple tools in an ancient ancestral hall in Gangning County, Jiangxi. Since then, the Red Army has its own standard clothing. During the Agrarian Revolutionary War, the representative clothing of the Red Army was a gray coarse cloth tunic, wearing an octagonal hat with a red cloth five-pointed star and a red collar badge on the collar. On May 1, 1929, in order to commemorate the 5th anniversary of Lenin's death, the Red Army in the Central Soviet Area placed a black border around the red collar and red cap badge.
On July 7, 1937, the Lugou Bridge Incident, the Anti-Japanese War broke out. The main force of the Chinese Workers’ and Peasants’ Red Army was reorganized into the Eighth Route Army of the National Revolutionary Army, referred to as the 'Eighth Route Army'; 'New Fourth Army'. After the adaptation, the Red Army’s clothing materials and styles are basically the same as those of the Kuomintang army, but on the left arm there is a cloth armband of the 'Eight Route Army' and the 'New Fourth Army' to show the difference. In addition, the clothes styles of cadres and soldiers are different in their pockets. During the Anti-Japanese War, the straight round dome hat worn by the Eighth Route Army was adorned with a small cap badge of the Kuomintang army.
In 1941, the Kuomintang showed a counter-revolutionary face. After the Southern Anhui Incident, our army carried out a vigorous large-scale production campaign. The army and the people overcame the difficulties caused by the enemy’s economic blockade with perseverance and basically ensured the supply of troops. It laid a solid foundation for the victory of the Anti-Japanese War. From 1945 to 1947, the clothing of our army was basically the same as that of the Anti-Japanese War, except that the cloth armbands of the 'Eight Route Army' and 'New Fourth Army' were not worn. The materials of the clothing were coarse and fine cloth, and the color was mainly khaki. Wear a gray military uniform.
   In the latter part of the War of Liberation, our army's munitions factory has begun to take shape, providing material conditions for the entire army to unify clothing, styles, production, and supply, and lay the material foundation for the victory of the War of Liberation.
   In 1949, our military uniform was grass-green, made of cotton plain cloth, wearing a badge with the words 'Chinese People's Liberation Army' on the chest, the hat was changed to a liberation cap, and the 'August 1st' red five-star cap badge was worn.
   Military uniform after the founding of the People’s Republic of China
   (October 1, 1949 to present)
   After the founding of the People’s Republic of China, the Chinese People’s Liberation Army showed its brand-new military appearance to the world. In 1950, the military uniforms were divided into land, navy, and air forces, divided into cadres and soldiers, and divided into winter and summer. The military uniforms of the cadres are made of cotton plain cloth, and the military types are distinguished by the color of the clothes and the large-brimmed cap badge. Summer clothes for female soldiers are two kinds of dresses and Lenin outfits, and the colors are the same as those of male soldiers in the army. In 1950, the Central Military Commission approved cadres at or above the army regiment, cadres at or above the naval and air force battalion, air force paratroopers, naval naval forces, and sea school cadets. In 1950, the Korean War broke out, and the Chinese People's Volunteers went to North Korea to participate in the war in October of the same year. The summer uniforms for volunteers cadres are the same as the summer uniforms for PLA cadres, and the soldiers’ summer uniforms are thickened with a layer of cloth on the elbows, shoulders, hips, and knees to improve the wear resistance of the uniforms. Volunteers’ winter uniforms have been improved in terms of structure. The sleeves of the tops have been added with loops and breeches to increase warmth. Wearing a cloth badge of the 'Chinese People's Volunteer Army'.
With the recovery of our country’s economy and the improvement of people’s lives, after Chairman Mao Zedong’s personal review and approval by the 18th meeting of the State Council, the new style of military rank clothing began to be worn on October 1, 1955. This is the 55-style military rank uniform. And regular service 2 categories. For the first time, the five-five-style military uniform has broken through the history of our single-standard military uniform. Dresses are assigned to officers above school level and worn on major ceremonial occasions. In addition, there are also navy captain officer gowns and sailor gowns, as well as military bands, honor guards, art troupes and sports teams. The color of the dress is distinguished by military type, and the material is pure wool gabardine. The collar, sleeves and middle seam of the dress are worn with different ornaments according to different ranks. The dress of a female officer is a skirt suit.
  Five-five style uniforms are military uniforms worn daily, which are divided into winter and summer. When officers wear normal uniforms, they wear rank epaulettes, service collar badges, and a large brimmed hat with a round 'August 1' red five-star cap badge. The school and lieutenant officers tie armed belts. The military officer's summer dressing material varies by rank. Marshals and generals are pure wool serge, school officers are squeezed silk, and lieutenants are cotton twill. The summer uniforms for male soldiers are the same as those for male officers, but they wear a boat-shaped cap and a tie belt. The material is cotton twill. Navy men wear all blue sailors. Summer uniforms for female soldiers are skirts, the color is navy blue, and the styles of officers and soldiers are the same. The color of the winter uniform is the same as that of the summer uniform. It wears a fleece cap. The materials are different according to the rank (marshal and general are pure wool breeches, the school officer is pure wool Melton, the officer is cotton twill), and the officers are equipped with coats. Large lapels, double-breasted, the material varies according to military rank. The winter coats of female soldiers are the same as those of male soldiers in the same service. The soldier's coat is made of cotton plain weave with oblique pockets. Other styles are the same.
  The five-five-style military ranks have exquisite materials and beautiful styles. They have made breakthroughs in the military uniform series. It is a milestone in the development history of our military uniforms.
   In 1960, reforms were carried out with the structure and matching of winter clothes as the main content, and the old cotton-padded clothes were replaced by multi-layered winter clothes consisting of smocks, tight-fitting cotton-padded clothes, fleece pants, and shirt pants.
   The military rank system was abolished on June 1, 1965. All officers and soldiers of the army wear liberation caps, red five-star cap badges and red collar badges. The summer clothes are all plain cotton cloth, and the winter clothes are cotton khaki cloth. Navy clothing is all gray.
   In 1971, female soldiers were given a skirt in summer clothes.
   In 1973, the military uniform fabric was changed to a ternary blended fabric of polyester, nylon and cotton.
   In 1974, the Navy restored the color and style of the 1955 uniform.
   In 1975, female soldiers' summer clothes were allotted with caps.
   The military uniform reform began in 1981. In 1987, the Central Military Commission approved the finalized type 87 military uniform. In 1988, the army was officially equipped. Eight or seven-style military uniforms are divided into three categories: formal wear, normal uniform and training uniform. The dress is worn at major celebrations and foreign affairs activities. It is a suit style with a navy blue tie; female officers wear a rose red tie. The materials used are classified by rank. The 87-style military uniforms are also equipped with art troupe performance costumes, military bands, and honor guards. Regular clothing includes summer and winter regular clothing and standard shirts. The officer’s summer uniform has a lapel, 2 upper patch pockets, 2 lower dig pockets, a white shirt and a navy blue tie. The colors are divided into military categories and the materials used are divided into ranks. The non-commissioned officer's summer uniform is the same as the military officer, with a knitted sweater, made of polyester cotton plain weave. The soldier's summer uniform has a small lapel, 4 patch pockets, and a knitted sweater. Summer uniforms for female officers, non-commissioned officers, and soldiers are the same. The shirts for male officers and non-commissioned officers are hunting style, the soldiers are open-necked short-sleeved shirts, and the material is combed polyester cotton yarn card. The standard shirts of female officers are the same as those of male officers, with a Tibetan blue polyester-cotton plain cloth suit skirt. The winter uniforms for male officers and non-commissioned officers have a closed collar and 4 patch pockets. The materials used are classified by rank and color. The winter clothes of female soldiers are small lapels, double-breasted, and the materials and colors are the same as those of male soldiers in the military. The styles and materials of the officers' coats are distinguished by rank (the generals are pure wool breeches, the school officers are polyester-cotton windproof coats, and the officers and non-commissioned officers are polyester-cotton short coats). The soldier coat is a Parker-style short coat, which reduces the quality, increases the warmth, and improves the combat performance and military appearance.
   There are four types of training uniforms: winter and summer training uniforms and winter and summer camouflage training uniforms. The summer training uniform jacket is jacket style, and the material and color are the same as the soldiers' summer uniform. The materials and colors of winter training uniforms are the same as those of soldiers' winter uniforms, with drawstrings on the waist, hem, and trousers. Camouflage uniforms have winter and summer patterns, and are mainly distributed to combat troops and reconnaissance units.
The armed forces of the 87-style series of military uniforms have completely ended the long-term backwardness of our military's uniforms in a single standard. The series of military uniforms better meet the requirements of our military's combat, training, labor, peace, war and etiquette conditions. , Has significantly improved the military appearance and appearance of our army. It marks the development of our military uniforms to a new height, and it also reflects the great love of the party and the people for the soldiers.
   In 1997, when Hong Kong returned, the Hong Kong Garrison entered Hong Kong with a brand-new military appearance and mighty heroism. This unit is dressed in a 97-style military uniform. The fabrics, colors, and styles are all brand new. The uniforms are made of wool-like fabrics and the shirts are combed polyester-cotton yarn cards. The style of the leather shoes is also more beautiful and delicate, fully demonstrating the vigorous and heroic figure of the majestic Chinese People's Liberation Army.
   With the revolutionization, regularization, and modernization of our military, our military uniforms will surely enter the world's advanced ranks in the near future.
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