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Do you know the classification of military textiles?

by:XinXing     2020-08-25
In the military, textiles are the second largest military equipment besides weapons and equipment. Individual soldiers, weapons, naval vessels and other aspects involve textiles. The consumption of military textiles and fiber products is second only to steel materials in military materials.

Military textiles are mainly divided into conventional textiles and special textiles. Among them, special textiles are further divided into soldier protective textiles and military supporting textiles.

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Military conventional textiles

Conventional military textiles mainly refer to ordinary clothes, dresses, training clothes, physical training clothes, underwear, fleece, cotton clothes, bedding, sleeping bags, carrying equipment, etc., usually made of ordinary fiber materials.

(1) Military uniforms

Military uniforms and quilts are important materials to ensure the daily life and routine combat tasks of the military. Military uniforms include normal uniforms, formal wear, training uniforms, cotton clothes, knitted underwear, and physical fitness clothes;

? 07-style military uniforms are divided into: dress series, normal uniform series, training uniform series and logo clothing.

? The dress is divided into: officer dress, honor guard dress, military band dress and art troupe dress.

?Ordinary clothes are divided into: short-sleeved summer clothes, long-sleeved summer clothes, spring and autumn clothes and winter clothes. It also includes ordinary clothes coats, cotton vests, sweater pants, underwear, scarves, and ordinary gloves.

? Training uniforms are divided into: woodland camouflage training uniforms, jungle camouflage training uniforms, desert camouflage training uniforms, marine camouflage training uniforms, urban camouflage training uniforms, and camouflage training coats, raincoats, and training uniforms. Training shoes, training boots, etc.

Individual protective equipment includes individual tents, sleeping bags, raincoats, etc., as well as bedding such as quilts and sheets.

(2) Carrying equipment

All utensils used to carry weapons, equipment and daily necessities. Military carrying equipment is an indispensable part of individual equipment, and its functions can be divided into two categories: single type and combined type. Carrying products include individual carrying equipment, carrying bags, ropes, tents, etc.

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Military special textiles

Military special textiles include soldier protective textiles and military accessory textiles. They refer to special textiles required for military equipment and special textiles that protect the safety of officers and soldiers on the battlefield. They are better than military uniforms, dresses, ordinary work clothes, and textiles for daily use. Other general textiles emphasize functionality and have higher added value. They are usually made of special fiber materials. They are also the key research objects of textile researchers in various countries. In the future high-tech local battlefield, military special textiles are the last line of defense against various weapon damage and various harsh natural environments.

(1) Soldier protective textiles include body armor, chemical protective clothing, anti-impregnation clothing, missile propellant protective clothing, nuclear, biological and chemical contamination protective clothing, acid and alkali resistant overalls, flame retardant combat clothing, camouflage clothing, electromagnetic radiation protective clothing, Flight suits, cold-proof suits, life jackets, lightning boots, etc. Just as the performance level and technical requirements of industrial textiles are different from those of general textiles, these military special textiles are different from military uniforms, dresses and other conventional clothing. They are more prominent in terms of functionality and added value, and they are more popular for civilian use. Good business opportunities for the promotion of protective clothing. There are:

a, individual protection

Individual protection mainly includes individual tactical vests, bulletproof vests, armed police combat training uniforms, flame-retardant training uniforms for peacekeeping forces, armed police rescue suits, new bulletproof helmets, aircraft carrier combat training uniforms, bulletproof panels for ships, armed police combat training Gloves, individual combat support system, etc.

? Camouflage uniform, a basic type of training uniform, a new protective color with irregular patterns composed of green, yellow, tea, black and other colors.

?Ballistic protective clothing, the basic principle is to consume the function of the projectile through the elongation and breaking of high-strength and high-modulus fibers.

b. Nuclear, biological and chemical protective textiles

Nuclear, biological and chemical protective textiles are designed for nuclear, biological, and chemical to prevent all known harmful substances and gases. Commonly used are breathable protective clothing materials, protective cloaks, and lightweight protective systems (including protective clothing, glasses, boots, gloves, Half face mask, carrying bag), NBC protective tent and other products.

c. Other special protection

?Anti-high temperature overalls: ventilation suits, liquid-cooled suits, phase change thermal storage vests, cabin operation cooling vests, ventilation vests;

?Alpine-proof overalls: speedboat sailing suits, submarine cold-proof suits, aircraft leather suits, ground crew leather (cotton) overalls, winter parachuting suits, ship cold-proof suits, speedboat cold-proof gloves;

? Work clothes for high-altitude, low-pressure, hypoxic and overload flying: high-altitude compensation suits for aircrews, anti-G suits, space suits, etc.;

? Plateau cold-proof clothing;

? Anti-mosquito clothing;

?Life jackets, anti-immersion suits, water impact protection equipment.

(2) Military supporting textiles refer to textiles used in military installations and weaponry, such as tents, camouflage nets, cables, interception nets, soft water and oil storage containers, parachutes, gun jackets, aircraft masks, etc. There are:

a. Oil storage and transportation

Large-caliber oil delivery hoses and polyurethane oil tanks have the advantages of soft texture, foldable, light weight, fast unfolding speed, and strong environmental adaptability. Such products can also be used for urban emergency water supply and drainage.

b. Camouflage and shielding materials

Displaying the false and hiding the truth is an important part of battlefield protection, such as electromagnetic shielding tents, environmentally-friendly adaptive camouflage materials, inflatable strategic weapons and equipment, etc. Camouflage stealth devices are mainly used in the radar band, thermal infrared, near infrared, visible light and other target characteristic signal control of ground weapons and equipment such as main battle tanks, armored vehicles, and self-propelled artillery equipment, to counter the detection of millimeter wave radar and the strike of centimeter wave detection radar .

c. Textiles for weapons and ammunition

Weapon and ammunition textiles mainly include medicine wrapping cloth, medicine box cloth; blasting belt, fuze belt, gun wipe cloth, gun belt, etc., as well as various light and heavy weapons pistons and fillers, and various light and heavy weapons wrapping cloths and tarpaulins.

d. Textile materials for aerospace and strategic weapons

Textile composite materials have been used in a variety of solid rocket motor nozzles and heat protection systems, rocket (missile) ends, nozzles and fuel bins, and solid rocket motor housings, as well as missile fairings, composite supports, and instruments The primary and secondary load-bearing structural components such as the cabin, decoy cabin and launch tube. In the life support system of aerospace vehicles, a large number of textile materials are also used. Such as work clothes, exercise clothes, casual clothes, weightless protective clothing, extravehicular space suits, sleeping equipment, etc. for astronauts working and living in orbit.

e. Special ropes

High-performance ropes have been widely used in the fields of aircraft carrier mooring and anchoring, Shenzhou series spacecraft return device, Jiaolong and other submersible deep-sea calibration submarine targets, ocean exploration deep-sea data transmission, military camouflage and underwater mine-laying.

my country is the world's largest textile country. At present, more than 50% of the world's textiles are produced in China. A strong textile industry is an important foundation for my country to build a strong national defense. The arms and specialties of our military are huge and complex. With the acceleration of the modernization of the army, the continuous development of new equipment, the improvement of combat training and living conditions, the performance requirements of textiles will become higher and higher. It is foreseeable that textiles will be used in the military. The application prospects in this field are broad.

The “Chinese People’s Liberation Army Equipment Procurement Regulations” clearly allows private enterprises’ good products to enter the military construction, and encourages qualified private enterprises to enter the military product market. This means that military product procurement will gradually move towards marketization and openness, which will help more textile researchers and enterprises. Provide conditions for research, development and expansion of military textiles.
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