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How much do you know about military textiles?

by:XinXing     2020-08-28
Textile Military and Civilian Integration China Industrial Textile Industry Association

Among military materials, fiber materials and textiles account for only second only to steel. Approximately 10,000 products in the US Department of Defense inventory are partially or completely related to textiles. Approximately 300 of these items are related to 'combat necessities.' There are two main categories of textile materials used in the national defense industry. One type of product is supplied to the military's logistics support system, and the other type of product is mainly used in military operations, training and military equipment. In the future, with the development of material science and textile technology, more high-performance military textiles will continue to emerge.



01

「Military uniform quilt」

Military uniforms and quilts are important materials for the daily life and routine combat tasks of the military. Military uniforms include normal uniforms, dresses, training uniforms, cotton-padded clothes, knitted underwear, and physical fitness clothes; individual protective gear includes individual tents, sleeping bags, raincoats, etc., in addition to Bedding such as quilts and sheets.

? 07-style military uniforms are divided into: dress series, normal uniform series, training uniform series and logo clothing.

? The dress is divided into: officer dress, honor guard dress, military band dress and cultural work group dress.

? Regular clothing is divided into: short-sleeved summer regular clothing, long-sleeved summer regular clothing, spring and autumn regular clothing and winter regular clothing. It also includes regular clothing coats, cotton vests, sweater pants, underwear, scarves, regular clothing gloves, etc.

? Training uniforms are divided into: woodland camouflage training uniforms, jungle camouflage training uniforms, desert camouflage training uniforms, marine camouflage training uniforms, urban camouflage training uniforms, and camouflage training coats, raincoats, and training uniforms. Training shoes, training boots, etc.





02

'Carrying Equipment'

All utensils used to carry weapons, equipment and daily necessities. Military carrying equipment is an indispensable part of individual equipment, and its functions can be divided into two categories: single type and combined type. Carrying products include individual carrying equipment, carrying bags, ropes, tents, etc.



03

'Oil Storage and Transportation'

Large-caliber oil hoses and polyurethane oil tanks have the advantages of soft texture, foldable, light weight, fast unfolding speed, and strong environmental adaptability. Such products can also be used for urban emergency water supply and drainage.



04

'Individual Protection'

Individual soldier protection is a product that has been vigorously developed and equipped by the military in recent years. It mainly includes individual soldier tactical vests, body armor, armed police special police combat training uniforms, peacekeeping force fire-retardant training uniforms, armed police rescue suits, new-type bulletproof helmets, aircraft carrier combat training Bulletproof plates for military uniforms, ships and ships, armed police combat training gloves, individual combat support systems, etc.



? Camouflage uniform, a basic type of training uniform, a new protective color with irregular patterns composed of green, yellow, tea, black and other colors. The reflected light wave of the camouflage uniform is roughly the same as the light wave reflected by the surrounding scenery. It can not only confuse the enemy's visual reconnaissance, but also deal with infrared reconnaissance, making it difficult for the enemy's modern reconnaissance equipment to catch the target. The universal 'six-color camouflage uniform'.

? Ballistic protection, the basic principle is to consume the function of the projectile through the elongation and breaking of high-strength and high-modulus fibers. The development of ballistic protective clothing has gone through the transition from metal armored protective plates to non-metallic synthetic materials, and from pure synthetic materials (such as nylon, Kevlar, etc.) to the development of composite bulletproof systems such as synthetic materials, metal armor plates, and ceramic protective sheets. .

05

'Nuclear, biological and chemical protective textiles'

Nuclear, biological and chemical protective textiles are designed for nuclear, biological, and chemical to prevent all known harmful substances and gases. Commonly used are breathable protective clothing materials, protective cloaks, and lightweight protective systems (including protective clothing, glasses, boots, gloves, Half face mask, carrying bag), NBC protective tent and other products.

According to different protection principles, chemical protective clothing can be divided into detoxification type, isolation type and adsorption type; according to the different degree of protection, the US Environmental Protection Agency divides the protection level into ABCD four.



06

'Other Special Protection'

?Anti-high temperature overalls: ventilation suits, liquid-cooled suits, phase change thermal storage vests, cooling vests for cabin operations, ventilation vests

?Alpine-proof overalls: speedboat sailing suits, submarine cold-proof suits, aircraft leather suits, ground crew leather (cotton) overalls, winter parachuting suits, ship cold-proof suits, speedboat cold-proof gloves

? Work clothes for high-altitude, low-pressure, hypoxia and overload flying: high-altitude compensation suits for aircrews, anti-G suits, space suits, etc.

? Plateau cold-proof clothing

? Anti-mosquito clothing

?Life jackets, anti-immersion suits, water impact protection equipment





07

'Camouflage and shielding material'

Displaying the false and concealing the truth is an important part of battlefield protection, including camouflage and protection against visible light, near infrared, far infrared, and electromagnetic radiation. Common electromagnetic shielding tents, environmentally friendly self-adaptive camouflage materials, inflatable strategic weapons and equipment, etc., have been widely used.

As early as World War I, in order to conceal personnel and weapons, the army tied some cloth strips to the fishing nets used for fishing at the time and covered the weapons, which became the world's first camouflage net (Swedish Balaguda camouflage net) .

Now our military camouflage network has constituted a product system for anti-optical reconnaissance camouflage, anti-radar reconnaissance camouflage, anti-mid-far infrared reconnaissance camouflage, and anti-multiband reconnaissance camouflage.

Camouflage stealth devices are mainly used in the radar band, thermal infrared, near infrared, visible light and other target characteristic signal control of ground weapons and equipment such as main battle tanks, armored vehicles, and self-propelled artillery equipment, to counter the detection of millimeter wave radar and the strike of centimeter wave detection radar , To greatly improve the battlefield survivability and combat effectiveness of army weapons and equipment.



08

'Weapon and Ammunition Textiles'

Weapon and ammunition textiles mainly include medicine wrapping cloth, medicine box cloth; blasting belt, fuze belt, gun wipe cloth, gun belt, etc., as well as various light and heavy weapons pistons and fillers, and various light and heavy weapons wrapping cloths and tarpaulins.



09

'Aviation Textile Materials'

The main types of aviation textile materials are as follows:

Composite materials mainly include carbon fiber epoxy composite materials, some glass fiber and aramid epoxy composite materials, and a small amount of special matrix resin composite materials. Its applications are divided into three categories, namely primary structure materials, secondary structure materials and interior decoration materials.

The parachute is composed of textile materials such as parachute silk, parachute rope, parachute belt and parachute line, as well as some metal parts and rubber plastic parts.



Aramid honeycomb material is used in the latest armed helicopters



10

'Textile materials for aerospace and strategic weapons'

The textile materials for aerospace and strategic weapons mainly include the following types:

Composite materials have been used in a variety of solid rocket motor nozzles and heat protection systems; it has also been used in rocket (missile) ends, nozzles and fuel bins, and solid rocket motor housings. Textile composite materials are also used in primary and secondary load-bearing structural components such as projectile fairings, composite supports, instrument bays, decoy bays and launch tubes.



Intercontinental missile two-stage engine wound with carbon fiber shell

Warp-knitted metal satellite antennas are used in Tiangong-1, Shenzhou spacecraft and various satellites. The new antenna adopts ultra-fine metal wire stranding and warp knitting technology to achieve a technological breakthrough in twisting and twisting ultra-fine gold-plated molybdenum wire fibers with only 1/4 of the hair strands, and innovative design and manufacture of special doubling and warping And warp knitting equipment and complete production technology. The new technology reduces the weight of the antenna by more than 90%.



In the life support system of aerospace vehicles, a large number of textile materials are also used. Such as work clothes, exercise clothes, casual clothes, weightless protective clothing, extravehicular space suits, sleeping equipment, etc. for astronauts working and living in orbit. The spacecraft cargo package product is an important product of the freight security sub-system. All materials sent to the space station must be loaded in cargo packages. Due to the particularity of the cargo ship environment, higher requirements are put forward for harmful gas emissions, antibacterial and mildew resistance, flame retardancy, combustion products, and antistatic properties.



11

'Special ropes'

High-performance ropes have been widely used in the fields of aircraft carrier mooring and anchoring, Shenzhou series spacecraft return devices, Jiaolong and other submersibles deep-sea calibration submarine targets, ocean exploration deep-sea data transmission, military camouflage and underwater mine-laying. Aramid, basalt fiber, high-strength high-modulus polyethylene, high-strength polyester and other high-performance fibers make the rope have high specific strength, high reliability, high toughness, damage resistance, high pressure resistance, corrosion resistance, and creep resistance (extensibility is precisely controllable ) And other properties, while also greatly reducing the weight of the rope.



12

'other'

High-performance textile materials have many other applications in the national defense and military. For example, geotechnical materials are used for construction and battlefield traffic, medical textiles are used for battlefield first aid, and various insulation and heat insulation textiles ensure the smooth operation of various mechanical equipment. . In the future, with the development of textile technology and the deep integration of the military and civilians in the textile industry, more textile materials will be used in the national defense and military fields.
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