In training grounds, office areas, and even daily life, we often see soldiers wearing physical training uniforms. Physical training uniforms are a relatively new breed in our military uniform system, and troops were gradually distributed at the beginning of this century. It is comfortable to wear It is cool and breathable, and is deeply loved by officers and men of the whole army. It is the most loaded item of our army's single variety of equipment. It has produced more than 20 million sets (pieces).
Different from sportswear
Military physical training uniforms belong to the training clothing series in our military uniform system. Compared with the sportswear we wear, they are both similar and different.
Unlike tactical training uniforms, tactical training is training conducted by simulating the combat environment and tactical movements. The clothing worn by military forces in western developed countries during tactical training is basically the same as combat clothing. The principle of the integration of combat training is that the training uniform has certain protective functions of camouflage on the battlefield, such as anti-near infrared, thermal infrared, electromagnetic, microwave reconnaissance, fire retardant, and mosquito protection. Physical training suits mainly meet the training requirements of physical exercise qualities such as strength, speed, endurance, coordination, flexibility, and agility. They do not have high requirements on the surrounding environment and tactical actions, nor do they require battlefield camouflage protection.
Different from ordinary sportswear, there are many types of sportswear on the civil market. Military fitness training clothes are worn close to the body during sports. They do not pursue a wide variety of sportswear. The emphasis is on comfort and wearability. The fabric requires wearability, lightness, breathability and thermal conductivity. .
Our army: from type 97 to type 07
From the hurdle vest to the 07 style, our army basically did not have a standard physical training suit except for playing basketball, military training and other activities wearing homemade or ordered hurdle vests. It was only in the 1990s that physical training suits were officially developed, with a focus on moisture wicking materials. The earliest trial production of polyester-covered cotton fabrics, due to the lack of consideration of unidirectional moisture structure and post-treatment process problems, the hot and humid sweat released during exercise is not easy to discharge, and the comfort is poor. Therefore, a small amount of trial production is not equipped.
Type 97 Trained Garrison Forces In 1997, the force stationed in Hong Kong issued new styles of clothing, taking the lead in installing Type 97 physical training suits. Allotment varieties include long and short-sleeved tops, grass green, sweetheart collar, outer layer is cotton fiber, inner layer is fine special polypropylene fiber with good heat and moisture perspiration resistance; pants are blue, knitted with polyester cover cotton Thing. The comfort of heat and humidity is good, but the cotton fiber is not abrasion-resistant and not light-resistant, and the color of the army is severely discolored when used, resulting in large consumption and high cost. Therefore, Type 97 physical training uniforms could not be distributed uniformly throughout the army. In the late 1990s, the polyester camouflage vest was allotted for a short time, but the performance was poor, and it was soon replaced.
01-type physical training uniforms After 2001, the army uniformly distributed 01-type physical training uniforms for the first time. The top was a spotted camouflage crew neck shirt and blue shorts. The fabric is made of polyester covered polypropylene fabric, which improves the ability to transport and disperse moisture. The polyester fiber on the outer layer of the fabric itself does not absorb water or swell. It will not block the drainage channel when the body sweats a lot. Quick-drying function. At the same time, the Armed Police Force also used this fabric to develop and distribute the '01-type Armed Police Physical Training Suit'. The style is similar to the Type 97. The color highlights the characteristics of the Armed Police, that is, the top is light bean green and the shorts are olive green.
During this period of the submarine captain's uniform, the naval submarine force aimed at the crew in a confined environment during the long voyage. The humidity is high, the temperature of some cabins is high, the microorganisms are prone to multiply, and the domestic water is tight, and it is prone to skin diseases. Antibacterial principle, silicone-acrylic resin cross-linking technology, etc., developed a long-lasting antibacterial, bacteriostatic 'submarine captain' Similar to the Type 01 fitness training suit, including submarine voyage undershirts, shorts, antibacterial socks, cloth shoes, and disinfectant wipes. The top is off-white and the shorts are blue. It is comfortable to wear, sweat-absorbent and breathable, soft to the touch, and resistant to washing.
The active training suit 01 type physical training suit also found problems in the design during the dispensing process: First, the polyester covered polypropylene synthetic fiber is flammable and melted in fire, and it is easy to generate static electricity to cause itchy skin. It is not worn as a underwear. Comfortable; second, the polypropylene is difficult to dye, the fabric is soft and not easy to retain shape, and the polypropylene is easily exposed in the weaving, which affects the appearance quality of the physical training suit; the third is the insufficient capacity of the polyester surface to disperse moisture and evaporate heat. Therefore, in 2009, as an improved variety of the 07-type military uniform system, the development of the 07-type physical training uniform started.
Compared with the type 01 fitness training suit, the main improvement of the type 07 is the fabric, and the style is slightly adjusted. Developed unidirectional moisture-absorbent, quick-drying 'polyester covered cotton' knitted fabrics. Compared with the 'polyester covered cotton' first selected by our army, its performance has been significantly improved: First, the moisture-conducting channels that penetrate the front and back of the fabric have maintained The skin is dry; the second is the uneven surface structure designed with different types of yarns on the front and back of the fabric. The front is densely meshed, which increases the contact surface with the atmosphere and increases the rate of moisture dissipation of the fabric. The back is a capillary drainage channel, which is conducive to unidirectional guidance. Wet, point-like contact with the skin is also conducive to enhancing dryness and comfort; the third is the use of resin finishing modified cotton fiber, which improves the quick-drying and breathability of cotton-containing fabrics. In terms of styles, the straight line and arc design were adjusted for the problems such as the 01 neckline is too large, the shoulder design is too wide, the shoulder shape is not lean, and the female models are easily exposed when doing movements, which is more beautiful and more human. The structure is more suitable for the actual needs of physical training.
The 07-style navy short-sleeved physical training suit adopts the blue and white striped sea soul shirt style with the distinctive characteristics of the navy. The garment fabric is made of dye-dyed polyester-cotton double-sided knitted fabric with moisture absorption and quick-drying functions. It has good sweat absorption and breathability and meets the dress requirements of officers and soldiers during physical training.
US Army: the most complete variety
The military of developed countries attaches great importance to the study of physical training suits. Taking the United States as an example, the Army has developed and improved a variety of physical training suits, with the most complete types and models. Other military services have also developed and distributed their own physical training suits.
Army Physical Training Apparel The U.S. Army currently has two types of physical training apparel, one is the improved physical training apparel (IPFU) issued in 2000, and the other is the new physical training apparel (APFU) that began to be issued in 2014. Among them, the improved IPFU includes two gray T-shirts with long and short sleeves, with a dark gray ARMY printed on the chest and the letter A on the back; black shorts with white ARMY printed under the left leg; black pants with lining Perforated, breathable nylon material; gray-green jacket with ARMY embroidered on the left chest, reflective strips on the front and back, and invisible vents on the back and underarms.
The new Army Physical Training Apparel (APFU) includes black long and short sleeve shirts and shorts with gold ARMY lettering on the chest and left trousers; black jacket and trousers with gold armbands on the chest and back, upper left corner of the chest And the left pants are printed with Ar? The my Star logo can also wear black tactical fleece caps and black gloves according to weather conditions. The IPFU fitness suit will be discontinued on September 30, 2017, and will be gradually replaced by APFU. From the appearance, APFU is basically similar to IPFU, in fact, 34 improvements have been made in style, tailoring, function and appearance.
Other military service physical training suits Marine Corps physical training suits include light green short-sleeved T-shirts and shorts, green undershirts, the left chest and left legs are printed with the black USMC lettering and the Marine Corps logo; green sports suits, The left chest is affixed with the reflective trim of the Marine Corps logo, and the words MARINES or USMC are printed on the back of the jacket and the bottom of the left leg. Navy training suits include gold long and short-sleeved shirts, with a reflective NAVY smaller print on the left chest, and the same large print on the back; navy blue shorts, NAVY printed on the left leg; navy blue undershirt, A navy logo, United States Navy black reflective stripes and yellow lines are printed on the chest. The same design of NAVY is on the back. The top is also equipped with a removable hood. The sides of the pants are also printed with NAVY. article. Air Force physical training suits include light gray undershirts and long and short sleeve shirts, with an Air Force badge and US Air Force reflective stripes printed on the left chest, an Air Force badge on the back; Air Force blue shorts, pants and jackets, sides or calves There are silver reflective strips on the left, air force badges and lettering printed on the left leg and left chest, and sports footwear available from the market. The collar of the jacket is equipped with a hood, and the soldiers can pull it out when the climate changes. The Coast Guard physical training suit includes a light gray short-sleeved shirt, the Coast Guard badge and the reflective stripe and black lines printed on the chest, the left guard sleeve and the back are the same design of the Coast Guard logo; navy blue shorts , Mesh material, the guard logo is embroidered on the upper part of the left trouser leg, and the words 'guard' are printed on the bottom; navy blue undershirt, top without hood, orange COAST GUARD on the chest, and white trim. There are 7 reflective strips on the back, and the two legs of the pants are printed with USCG, the style is the same as the front of the undershirt; the navy blue swimsuit (men and women).
The first feature is to focus on the overall support. The US military fitness training suits are very diverse. Take the army fitness training suits as an example. There are shirts and shorts, jackets and trousers, as well as commercially available footwear and tactical fleece hats and gloves that adapt to cold weather. In order to improve safety protection during physical training, the front and back of the jacket have a large 'V' made of fluorescent materials, which will reflect under strong light, and will also be equipped with a reflective vest or belt.
The second is to focus on fabric improvement. For example, the jacket and trousers of the improved IPFU physical training suit are made of nylon fabric, with a full set of mesh lining, which has a good ventilation effect and does not stick to the body. The new APFU fitness training suit further improves the fabric, which is more excellent in moisture absorption, perspiration, light and quick-drying, and the standard APFU is cheaper than the original IPFU. At present, the US military is still exploring the application of antibacterial materials and other functional materials in physical training suits, and has launched some optional varieties that integrate the latest functions. They can be worn with the standard models, but the higher prices are selected by the soldiers. Fully promote after maturity.
The third is to pay attention to detail design. In the process of designing physical training uniforms, the US military not only conducts a large number of scientific experiments, but also continuously collects feedback from soldiers in different climate regions. Many details of the design fully refer to the opinions of soldiers. In September 2012, the US military asked more than 190,000 soldiers to express their opinions on 64 different styles and colors of physical training suits, and finally chose to match black and gold. The new fitness training suit has made a lot of improvements on the original fitness training suit. For example, the new pants are lighter and softer than the IPFU pants. Four-way stretch fabric is also added, a larger key pocket and more convenient and safe. ID card pocket, retractable leg lining and simple shorts lining, but also with heat insulation function.
Future development of our military fitness training suit
One is to develop new textile materials. The technical ways to realize the moisture absorption and quick drying of the fabric mainly include the use of water-conducting and quick-drying fibers, fibers of different components interwoven or made into double-sided fabrics, and single-sided finishing. At present, mature varieties of moisture-conducting fibers have 'ten' cross-sections, ' H-shaped cross-section, 'Y'-shaped cross-section and other special-shaped cross-section, using the capillary force of the surface micro grooves and fiber voids to achieve moisture absorption and moisture transfer. Strengthen the development of functional knitted fabrics with unidirectional moisture absorption, quick moisture absorption, good performance, and high cost performance to improve the overall performance of physical training suits.
The second is the integration of a single product into a system. Gradually enrich the variety of physical training suits, and change from single variety development to system integration. Study the variety setting of physical training suits in different seasons, perfect the series of physical training suits, determine the color and match the top and bottom. With reference to the clothing of professional sports teams, study the style structure and size settings of physical training suits to improve fitness and meet the requirements of human sports.
The third is to strengthen the investigation of the use of troops. Through military research, online communication and other channels, we can widely understand the use of physical training uniforms by the military, and develop new physical training uniforms that are more popular with the military in response to the requirements of different types of troops and different geographical environments.